How to Identify Deficiency of Various Vitamins in the Elderly?

How to Identify Deficiency of Various Vitamins in the Elderly?

Symptoms of Vitamin A deficiency is the elderly: A 2020 medicare advantage plan is available at

reduced visual acuity;

“Night blindness” in the dark time of the day;

accommodation of organs of vision;

eye fatigue at usual loads;


redness of the eyes;

frequent inflammatory eye diseases.

Lack of vitamins of group B is determined by the following features:

B1 – memory impairment, indigestion and stool disorders, fatigue, irritability.

B2 – dry skin, emotional disturbances (depression, apathy, unreasonable anxiety or irritability).

B3 – inflammations on the skin, disorders in the digestive system (gastric or intestinal ulcer and others), pellagra, dementia.

B4 – impaired functioning of the liver and kidneys, frequent bleeding.

B5 – insomnia, instability to stress, acne on the skin.

B6 – the appearance of skin diseases, reduced immunity, the formation of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of blood vessels.

B7 (Biotin) – deterioration of the skin, hair and nails, dysfunctioning of the nervous system.

B9 (folic acid) – weakening of memory, an elderly person may also experience psychological problems (depression, neurosis, fatigue, sleep disorders, etc.).

B12 – decrease in the quality of cognitive abilities, nervous diseases, anemia, speech defects.

Vitamin C deficiency (ascorbic acid) is manifested as follows:


fast fatiguability;

frequent colds;

pain in the limbs;

bleeding tendency;

the appearance of frequent inflammatory processes in the oral cavity (stomatitis, periodontal disease, etc.);


the formation of ulcers and wounds (most often on the legs) that are difficult to treat;

the appearance of bruises on the skin of the extremities.

Symptoms of vitamin D avitaminosis include:

poor appetite or lack of it;

an elderly person quickly loses weight;

blurred vision;

sleep disorders;

impaired transformation of cartilage to bone tissue (especially in children);

pale skin;


Signs of vitamin E deficiency in senior citizens:


accelerated aging processes;

swelling of body tissues;

weak and underdeveloped muscle tissue;


development of skin diseases (eczema, peeling, and cracks).

Vitamin K deficiency is manifested as follows:

bleeding from scratches, cracks, from mucous membranes – abundant and frequent;

general weakness;

pallor of the skin.

Symptoms of Vitamin F or EFA deficiency (polyunsaturated acids) in the elderly:

developmental delay and growth (especially in childhood);

risk of stroke, heart attack, and vascular atherosclerosis;

development of skin diseases;

cognitive impairment;

elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood.

So as to stop vitamin deficiency and prevent complications, an elderly person should receive timely medical care.

Medicare Supplement Plans: Otherwise known as supplements or Medigap, they help older adults over the age of 65 cover co-pay, co-insurance, etc.