How to Identify Deficiency of Various Vitamins in the Elderly?
Symptoms of Vitamin A deficiency is the elderly: A 2020 medicare advantage plan is available at http://www.medicareadvantageplans2020.org
reduced visual acuity;
“Night blindness” in the dark time of the day;
accommodation of organs of vision;
eye fatigue at usual loads;
redness of the eyes;
frequent inflammatory eye diseases.
Lack of vitamins of group B is determined by the following features:
B1 – memory impairment, indigestion and stool disorders, fatigue, irritability.
B2 – dry skin, emotional disturbances (depression, apathy, unreasonable anxiety or irritability).
B3 – inflammations on the skin, disorders in the digestive system (gastric or intestinal ulcer and others), pellagra, dementia.
B4 – impaired functioning of the liver and kidneys, frequent bleeding.
B5 – insomnia, instability to stress, acne on the skin.
B6 – the appearance of skin diseases, reduced immunity, the formation of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of blood vessels.
B7 (Biotin) – deterioration of the skin, hair and nails, dysfunctioning of the nervous system.
B9 (folic acid) – weakening of memory, an elderly person may also experience psychological problems (depression, neurosis, fatigue, sleep disorders, etc.).
B12 – decrease in the quality of cognitive abilities, nervous diseases, anemia, speech defects.
Vitamin C deficiency (ascorbic acid) is manifested as follows:
pain in the limbs;
the appearance of frequent inflammatory processes in the oral cavity (stomatitis, periodontal disease, etc.);
the formation of ulcers and wounds (most often on the legs) that are difficult to treat;
the appearance of bruises on the skin of the extremities.
Symptoms of vitamin D avitaminosis include:
poor appetite or lack of it;
an elderly person quickly loses weight;
impaired transformation of cartilage to bone tissue (especially in children);
Signs of vitamin E deficiency in senior citizens:
accelerated aging processes;
swelling of body tissues;
weak and underdeveloped muscle tissue;
development of skin diseases (eczema, peeling, and cracks).
Vitamin K deficiency is manifested as follows:
bleeding from scratches, cracks, from mucous membranes – abundant and frequent;
pallor of the skin.
Symptoms of Vitamin F or EFA deficiency (polyunsaturated acids) in the elderly:
developmental delay and growth (especially in childhood);
risk of stroke, heart attack, and vascular atherosclerosis;
development of skin diseases;
elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood.
So as to stop vitamin deficiency and prevent complications, an elderly person should receive timely medical care.
Medicare Supplement Plans: Otherwise known as supplements or Medigap, they help older adults over the age of 65 cover co-pay, co-insurance, etc.